56. LOSING FERTILE LAND
1. The environment
2. put in danger
3. farmers (who are losing their land)
4. ecologists / environmental scientists / scientist who are teaching the farmers about ecology
B. 1.c 2. d 3. a 4. c
C. l.T 2. T 3. F 4. F
a) They pollute / By polluting the environment.
They use / By using poisonous chemicals
(which contaminate the land).
b) They cut down / By cutting down trees and plants (which grow on the sides of the
2 They are overpopulated / They cannot support a large increase in population.
1. the money in the bank which you can take out at anytime
2. a branch (of a bank)
B. 1.b 2d 3 b
a) He can ask the manager of a bank.
b) He can read the leaflets / booklets.
D. 1.Y 2. N
58. MONEY THEN AND NOW
1. you buy
2. the ancient Greeks
4. Nowadays more and more people are paying for things with cheques and credit cards instead of in cash
1. A system of exchange. / exchanging one thing for another.
2. Business became much easier (because people could now exchange for the things they required)
3. By introducing banknotes.
4. cheques and credit cards.
59. The CASHLESS SOCIETY
1.c 2. a 3.c 4.c 5.c 6. b 7.b 8.a 9.a 10.c
60. FOOD ADDITIVES
1. the food
2. preservatives, anti-oxidants, stabilisers and
emuisifiers, and colouring agents.
3. contains additives
B. l.b 2. d
a) Because they spoil the taste (of food).
b)They make the food dangerous to eat.
a) Because they make sure that the ingredients mix.
b) They make sure that the ingredients do not separate out again.
3. Fresh and locally produced food.
61. ACID RAIN 1
1. coal or oil
2. poisonous gases
3. the pollution
1. Burning coal or oil (causes it).
2. (The aim is) to convince the other countries that the problem has to be considered a major ecological threat.
3. They are forced Jo take action because damage has been reported in large areas of forest and lakeland.
4. The problem of acid rain (must be solved quickly)
5. (They will be accused) of having allowed forests to die.
6. A major international initiative to combat acid rain (is expected in the near future).
62. ACID RAIN (2)
B. 1.T 2.F 3. T
63. SPAS: GOOD OR BAD?
A, 1.F 2.F 3. F 4. Nl
5. T 6. Nl 7. F
B. l.c 2. D 3. C 4. b
2. at/in spa resorts
4. these governments / the German, French and
1. Water / Mineral springs, (hot) mud.
2. So that their backs, arms and legs will stop aching and their rough skin will feel smooth again.
3. (An old miner's tunnel), (now) a 'health tunnel'.
64. ORDINARY ASPIRIN IS TRULY A
A 1 P.3 2 P.2 3. P.4
2. not strong
3. a disorder in the joints (of a body)
4. the chemical in aspirin
5. increase in (the) body temperature
6. press and break
2. the experiments (with salicylates chemical)
3. a small quantity of aspirin
4. the (aspirin) tablets
a) it is safe / Its bad effects are mild / not strong.
b) it is very effective / an effective pain reliever.
For millions of people suffering from arthritis, it is the only thing that works. (This is an example of aspirin being an effective pain reliever)
c) it is cheap / not expensive.
2. When you chew the tablets before swallowing them (with water)/ When you crush the tablets (in milk or orange juice)
1. in Bali
2. the Balinese people
4. the Balinese
B. 1. D 2. A 3b
1. They make music, paint or carve things out of wood and stone.
2. In the I950's, when tourists began to visit Bali.
3. They produce more things for tourists but fewer things for their temples.
4 Tourists bring more money, new ideas and a new way of life.
5 There will be less money.
6 If there are too many tourists, the Balinese way of life will change too quickly.