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week 4
WEEK 4
READING 20

CHARLIE CHAPLIN
Charlie Chaplin was born in London in 1889. He first appeared in music halls and then acted on the London stage. In 1910 he went to the USA with Fred Karno's company, but he didn't stay with Karno very long. In 1913 he started to work at the Keystone Company in Hollywood. There he made his first film, Making A Living, in 1914. In his second film, Kid Auto Races at Venice (1914), he introduced the little tramp. This character made him famous.
Chaplin got married several times. He met his last wife, Oona O'Neill in 1942 and married her a year later. Chaplin was then 54 years old and Oona 18. He left the USA in 1952 for political reasons and lived with his family in Switzerland for the rest of his life. He died in 1977.

1. Where was Charlie Chaplin born?
________________________________________________________________________

2. When was he born?
________________________________________________________________________

3. Where did he first appear?
________________________________________________________________________

4. Where did he go in 1910?
________________________________________________________________________

5. What did he do in 1913?
________________________________________________________________________

6. When did he make his first film?
________________________________________________________________________

7. What character did he introduce in his second film?
________________________________________________________________________

READING 21
Thursday, October 24th, 1996
Christian Lebrat, the French president of the MAGROS Food company, is visiting our town. He arrived yesterday and he is here to meet Mr. Douglas, the manager of the MAGROS store in Oxham Street. This is Mr. Lebrat's second visit to Selton. He was here in 1991 when he opened the store. There are sixty-five MAGROS stores in Europe - twenty in England, twelve in Germany, fifteen in France and eighteen in Spain. Next year, Mr. Lebrat wants to open a store in Rome, Italy, too. Mr. Lebrat can't stay in Selton for very long. He has a busy program. He is flying to Madrid tomorrow morning to visit the stores there.

A. Mark the statements as True (T) or False (F).
____1. Mr. Lebrat is from Spain.
____2. He came to Selton on Thursday.
____3. Mr. Lebrat is in Selton because he wants to open a new store.
____4. The MAGROS store in Oxham Street opened in 1991.
____5. The MAGROS store in Selton has got many managers.
____6. Mr. Lebrat is leaving Selton on Wednesday morning.
____7. There are some MAGROS stores in Madrid.



B. Fill in the chart with numbers according to the text.

The number of MAGROS stores in:_____
Europe: 65
England: _____
Germany: _____
France: _____
Spain: _____
Italy: _____
READING 22

Tom is a student at the Bailey School. This is his diary. 1996/November
25 Monday
Everything is changing. Last week, there were no classes in the mornings. Now we have
French classes every morning and dance twice a week. Right now we're studying 'Endgame’
a play By Samuel 'Beckett- It's very boring.

26 Tuesday
This evening my friends and I were at the coffee bar and I met Anna- a beautiful American nurse. She's staying at the Mayfair Motel, just opposite the 'Bailey School'.

27 Wednesday
I don't enjoy being with Jackie-She likes TV. I don't watch every night! I was at the folk club this evening. It was very good. I'm reading a fantastic book, about India called 'The Jewel in the Crown by Taul Scolt. I want to see Anna again'.

A. Mark the statements as True (T) or False (F).
1. At Tom's school there are dance classes every morning.
2. Tom enjoys studying 'Endgame' very much.
3. On Tuesday evening Tom was at the coffee bar.
4. Tom enjoys being with Anna.

B.
1. Where is Anna from?
________________________________________________________________________

2. Where is the Mayfair Hotel?
________________________________________________________________________

3. What doesn't Tom like doing every night?
________________________________________________________________________

4. How was the folk club?
________________________________________________________________________

5. What is the name of the book Tom is reading?
________________________________________________________________________





READING 23

ELVIS PRESLEY
Elvis Presley was born on January 8th, 1935, in East Tupelo, Mississippi. His twin brother died at birth. Elvis grew up in a poor home, but his parents, Vernon and Gladys Presley, were kind and loving. After he left school, Elvis worked in different jobs. He worked in cinemas and supermarkets, and he worked as a lorry driver. This was the job he liked most. Two people helped Elvis in his career. One was Sam Phillips. Sam had a record company called Sun Records. He was the first person to realize that Elvis was a good singer. The second person to help Elvis was Tom Parker. Tom became Elvis' manager in 1955 and he made him into a famous rock and roll star. Elvis won a lot of gold discs in his life. He died on August 16th, 1977. Many people say that he died because he took too many drugs and pills.

Mark the statements as True (T), False (F) or No Information (Nl).

____1. Elvis' parents were not good people.
____2. Elvis was the youngest child in the family.
____3. Elvis worked in different jobs because he wanted to earn more money.
____4. Elvis enjoyed working as a lorry driver.
____5. Sam Phillips played an important role in Elvis’ career.
____6. Tom Parker was the manager of a record company called Sun Records.
____7. Elvis died on a winter day at the age of 42.


READING 24

TRANSPORTATION IN TURKEY
There are two important types of transportation in Turkey: Railway transportation and highway transportation. Highway vehicles (trucks, buses, cars, etc.) transport 90% of the passengers and 75% of the cargo in Turkey; but trains carry only 5% of the passengers and 25% of the cargo. Now, we can compare the costs of trucks and trains. We want to transport 1500 tons of cargo. One truck can carry 10 tons, but one train wagon can carry 50 tons. We need 150 trucks but only 30 train wagons for 1500 tons of cargo.

1 train wagon can carry 50 tons. 1 truck can carry 10 tons.
1 train wagon costs $30,000. 150 trucks cost $3,600,000
1 locomotive costs $2,000,000. 1 truck costs $30,000.
1 locomotive + 30 wagons cost $2,900,000.

Now, you can see which costs less and which costs more. There is another advantage of railway transport. We can use a train wagon for more years than we can use a truck. We have to think about the cost of fuel for these vehicles, too. Trains use coal but trucks use petrol. We all know petrol is more expensive than coal. That's why trains are more economical than trucks.

1. Compare railway and highway vehicles in Turkey,
a) Which carry more passengers?

b) Which carry less cargo?

2. Compare a train wagon (W) and truck (T).
a) Which is cheaper? W T
b)Which is more expensive? W T
c) Which can carry more cargo? W T
d) Which can carry less cargo? W T
e) Which can we use longer? W T

3. a) Which is cheaper, petrol or coal?

b) Which is more economical, a train or a truck?

4. What are the advantages of railway transportation?


READING 25

AMY'S RESTAURANT
Amy's Restaurant is an example of a good place to eat in Greenwich Village. It's a perfect place for students to eat lunch and dinner. It's clean, the service is fast and the prices are reasonable. Amy's has a different special every day. The special includes fish or meat, vegetables, a mixed salad, bread and butter, dessert and coffee or tea - all for $3.45. The special and the other items on Amy's menu are always excellent for the prices.

1. Where can you eat in Greenwich Village?
________________________________________________________________________

2. What can you say about Amy's restaurant? (Write only one sentence.)
________________________________________________________________________

3. How much is a special meal at Amy's?
________________________________________________________________________


READING 26

SMALL CARS
When you go out, you can see a lot of cars, buses and trucks on the roads. The streets are always very crowded. Today, many people would rather use small cars. Small cars are cheaper and they are more economical because you can save petrol and you spend less money. These small cars are also safer because they can't go more than 100 kilometers per hour. In the future, a lot of people will probably use small cars, and probably these cars will use electricity so there will be less pollution in cities.

1. Why would people rather use small cars? (Give 3 reasons.)
________________________________________________________________________

2. Why are small cars more economical than big cars? (Give 2 reasons.)
________________________________________________________________________

3. What would you rather have, a small car or a big car? Why?
________________________________________________________________________



READING 27

HOME SWEET HOME
For many British people, a house is the most important thing in their lives. In fact, 60% of the population doesn't live in rented housing. They would rather have their own houses, but prices are going up all the time, and many young people have not got enough money to buy a house. They live in small flats or in their parents' house (even when they are married). Prices are especially high in the southeast of England. In the north, and in Scotland, prices are quite low. Young people often buy old houses, perhaps more than a hundred years old because they(1) are not so expensive. But they(2) have to spend a lot of time and money on repairs and decoration.

1. What is very important for British people?
________________________________________________________________________

2. How much of the population lives in rented housing?
________________________________________________________________________

3. a) Can many young people buy houses easily?
________________________________________________________________________

b) Why not?
________________________________________________________________________

c) What do most young people do?
________________________________________________________________________

4. Compare house prices in the southeast and in the north.
________________________________________________________________________

5. a) Why do most young people buy old houses?
________________________________________________________________________

b) What do they have to do then?
________________________________________________________________________

6. Line 2, ‘They' refers to
________________________________________________________________________

7. Line 3, ‘They' refers to
________________________________________________________________________

8. Line 6, 'they'(1) refers to
________________________________________________________________________

9. Line 6, 'they'(2) refers to
________________________________________________________________________



READING 28

LAURA
Laura Denison, famous singer and star of Top Twenty, was born in Bristol in 1953. Her parents originally came from Ireland. Laura's father was a customs officer on the Bristol docks. Unfortunately, he died a few years ago. Laura, who is an only child, grew up in the suburbs of Bristol. She started her education at a local school and then moved to a large, modern comprehensive school in another part of the city. After leaving school when she was 18, Laura went to Bristol University to study history and economics. She stayed there for three years. When she was at the university, she joined a university music group, and started to sing. It was at this time that she wrote her famous song ‘The Price of Peace'. When she finished university she joined another group and began to earn money with her performances and songs. When she was 21, she married Tony Harper, who was a student at that time. They have two children - a boy and a girl. When they got married they rented a beautiful farm house in a suburb of Bristol. They are still there but only a few days ago they decided to leave Britain and move to Los Angeles.

1. When did Laura go to Bristol University?
________________________________________________________________________

2. Did she write her first song after she finished university?
________________________________________________________________________

3. How old was she when she married Tony Harper?
________________________________________________________________________

4. How many children have Laura and Tony got?
________________________________________________________________________

5. Where is their house?
________________________________________________________________________

6. Have they just decided to leave for Los Angeles?
________________________________________________________________________

7. Line 6, ‘there' refers to
________________________________________________________________________

8. Line 9, ‘Who' refers to
________________________________________________________________________

9. Ask and answer if Laura has ever lived in Ireland.
________________________________________________________________________

10. Ask and answer how long Laura has lived in Bristol.
________________________________________________________________________

 
   
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